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STEM is an acronym referring to degrees in fields related to science, technology, engineering, and math. It has been predicted by the U.S. Department of Labor that even though there will be an estimated 1.2 million job openings in STEM-related fields by the year 2018, there may not be enough graduates to fill the roles. STEM education programs and STEM degrees are a high-priority today, and are necessary if the U.S. wishes to keep its position as world leader in innovation and technology. With only 16 percent of all degrees expected to be in STEM-related fields by 2020, the U.S. needs to encourage its best and brightest talent to enter into careers related to math, science, and technology. As the next generation moves into the future, more professionals are needed to occupy these STEM-related positions.

Earning a STEM DegreeSTEM graduates work in a wide variety of fields including:

  • Life Sciences
  • Accounting
  • Civil engineering
  • Psychology
  • Statistics
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Computer Programming

[For a complete list of fields, check out: Stem Degree List]

A closer look at the U.S. Department of Labor’s O*NET Online reveals some encouraging information about STEM-related careers. Here’s a look at a few of the many careers that are listed by the Department of Labor as having the brightest future.

Examples of STEM Careers


The top industries in 2012 for those working in actuary were Finance and Insurance, and Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services. Employees working in this sector served as actuarial analysts, actuarial assistants, health actuaries, and pricing actuaries. The field is projected to have 13,200 job openings by the year 2022. The median wage in 2013 was reported as $45.35 per hour, or $94,340 annually.


Actuary is a constantly growing field, and the future outlook is positive. Related job titles in this field in 2012 included internal auditors, assurance managers, financial auditors, and audit managers. The median wage in 2013 in this field was $31.29 per hour, or $65,080 per year. The projected number of job openings in the auditing sector is estimated at 544,200 by the year 2022.

Bio-medical Engineering

Job titles in this field include bio-medical technician, bio-medical manager, clinical engineer, and bio-medical equipment technician (BMET). The median wage in 2013 was $42.63 per hour, or $88,670 yearly. Though the projected number of job openings in this industry by 2022 is only 10,100, the growth in this industry is expected to be much faster than in other fields.

Video Game Design

Professionals in this field worked as game designers, lead game designers, design directors, writers, and creative directors. The median wage in this industry was $39.59 in 2013, or $82,340 annually. According to the U.S. Department of Labor’s projections, there will be 40,200 job openings in this field between now and 2022.

A STEM degree opens the door to a world full of possibility. With so many related fields and careers, a STEM education prepares you for the future marketplace, where those with science, technology, and mathematics skills are highly sought for their talent. Those who enjoy math, science, or technology should consider a degree in a STEM-related field of study. The employment outlook in these sectors is positive for those who not only want to make a good salary, but who also want to be part of the leading world of technology and invention.

  1. Agroecology and Sustainable Agriculture
  2. Animal Sciences
  3. Agricultural Animal Breeding
  4. Animal Health
  5. Animal Nutrition
  6. Dairy Science
  7. Livestock Management
  8. Poultry Science
  9. Animal Sciences
  10. Food Science
  11. Food Technology and Processing
  12. Food Science and Technology
  13. Plant Sciences
  14. Agronomy and Crop Science
  15. Horticultural Science
  16. Agricultural and Horticultural Plant Breeding
  17. Plant Protection and Integrated Pest Management
  18. Range Science and Management
  19. Plant Sciences
  20. Soil Science and Agronomy
  21. Soil Chemistry and Physics
  22. Soil Microbiology
  23. Soil Sciences
  24. Natural Resources/Conservation
  25. Environmental Studies
  26. Environmental Science
  27. Natural Resources Conservation and Research
  28. Water, Wetlands, and Marine Resources Management
  29. Forest Sciences and Biology
  30. Urban Forestry
  31. Wood Science and Wood Products/Pulp and Paper Technology
  32. Wildlife, Fish and Wildlands Science and Management
  33. Architectural and Building Sciences/Technology
  34. Digital Communication and Media/Multimedia
  35. Animation, Interactive Technology, Video Graphics and Special Effects
  36. Computer and Information Sciences
  37. Artificial Intelligence
  38. Information Technology
  39. Informatics
  40. Computer and Information Sciences
  41. Computer Programming/Programmer
  42. Computer Programming, Specific Applications
  43. Computer Programming, Vendor/Product Certification
  44. Computer Programming
  45. Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician
  46. Information Science/Studies
  47. Computer Systems Analysis/Analyst
  48. Computer Science
  49. Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design
  50. Data Modeling/Warehousing and Database Administration
  51. Computer Graphics
  52. Modeling, Virtual Environments and Simulation
  53. Computer Software and Media Applications
  54. Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications
  55. Network and System Administration/Administrator
  56. System, Networking, and LAN/WAN Management/Manager
  57. Computer and Information Systems Security/Information Assurance
  58. Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster
  59. Information Technology Project Management11 111006 Computer Support Specialist
  60. Computer/Information Technology Services Administration and Management
  61. Educational/Instructional Technology
  62. Educational Evaluation and Research
  63. Educational Statistics and Research Methods
  64. Engineering
  65. Pre-Engineering
  66. Aerospace, Aeronautical and Astronautical/Space Engineering
  67. Agricultural Engineering
  68. Architectural Engineering
  69. Bioengineering and Biomedical Engineering
  70. Ceramic Sciences and Engineering
  71. Chemical Engineering
  72. Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
  73. Chemical Engineering
  74. Civil Engineering
  75. Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
  76. Structural Engineering
  77. Transportation and Highway Engineering
  78. Water Resources Engineering
  79. Civil Engineering
  80. Computer Engineering
  81. Computer Hardware Engineering
  82. Computer Software Engineering
  83. Computer Engineering
  84. Electrical and Electronics Engineering
  85. Laser and Optical Engineering
  86. Telecommunications Engineering
  87. Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering
  88. Engineering Mechanics
  89. Engineering Physics/Applied Physics
  90. Engineering Science14 141401 Environmental/Environmental Health Engineering
  91. Materials Engineering
  92. Mechanical Engineering
  93. Metallurgical Engineering
  94. Mining and Mineral Engineering
  95. Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering
  96. Nuclear Engineering
  97. Ocean Engineering
  98. Petroleum Engineering
  99. Systems Engineering
  100. Textile Sciences and Engineering
  101. Polymer/Plastics Engineering
  102. Construction Engineering
  103. Forest Engineering
  104. Industrial Engineering
  105. Manufacturing Engineering
  106. Operations Research
  107. Surveying Engineering
  108. Geological/Geophysical Engineering
  109. Paper Science and Engineering
  110. Electromechanical Engineering
  111. Mechatronics, Robotics, and Automation Engineering
  112. Biochemical Engineering
  113. Engineering Chemistry
  114. Biological/Biosystems Engineering
  115. Engineering
  116. Engineering Technology
  117. Architectural Engineering Technology/Technician
  118. Civil Engineering Technology/Technician
  119. Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering
  120. Laser and Optical Technology/Technician
  121. Telecommunications Integrated Circuit Design
  122. Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technologies/Technicians
  123. Biomedical Technology/Technician
  124. Electromechanical Technology/Electromechanical Engineering
  125. Instrumentation Technology/Technician
  126. Robotics Technology/Technician
  127. Automation Engineer Technology/Technician
  128. Electromechanical and Instrumentation and Maintenance Technologies/Technicians
  129. Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
  130. Energy Management and Systems Technology/Technician
  131. Solar Energy Technology/Technician
  132. Water Quality and Wastewater Treatment Management and Recycling
  133. Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology
  134. Hazardous Materials Management and Waste Technology/Technician
  135. Environmental Control Technologies/Technicians
  136. Plastics and Polymer Engineering Technology/Technician
  137. Metallurgical Technology/Technician
  138. Industrial Technology/Technician
  139. Manufacturing Engineering Technology/Technician
  140. Welding Engineering Technology/Technician
  141. Chemical Engineering Technology/Technician
  142. Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology
  143. Industrial Production Technologies/Technicians
  144. Occupational Safety and Health Technology/Technician
  145. Quality Control Technology/Technician
  146. Industrial Safety Technology/Technician
  147. Hazardous Materials Information Systems Technology/Technician
  148. Quality Control and Safety Technologies/Technicians
  149. Aeronautical/Aerospace
  150. Automotive Engineering Technology/Technician
  151. Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician
  152. Mechanical Engineering Related Technologies/Technicians
  153. Mining Technology/Technician
  154. Petroleum Technology/Technician
  155. Mining and Petroleum Technologies/Technicians
  156. Construction Engineering Technology/Technician
  157. Surveying Technology/Surveying
  158. Hydraulics and Fluid Power Technology/Technician
  159. Computer Engineering Technology/Technician
  160. Computer Technology/Computer Systems Technology
  161. Computer Hardware Technology/Technician
  162. Computer Software Technology/Technician
  163. Computer Engineering Technologies/Technicians
  164. Drafting and Design Technology/Technician
  165. CAD/CADD Drafting and/or Design Technology/Technician
  166. Architectural Drafting and Architectural CAD/CADD
  167. Civil Drafting and Civil Engineering CAD/CADD
  168. Electrical/Electronics Drafting and Electrical/Electronics CAD/CADD
  169. Mechanical Drafting and Mechanical Drafting CAD/CADD
  170. Drafting/Design Engineering Technologies/Technicians
  171. Nuclear Engineering Technology/Technician
  172. Engineering/Industrial Management
  173. Engineering Design
  174. Packaging Science
  175. Engineering-Related Fields
  176. Nanotechnology
  177. Engineering Technologies and Engineering-Related Fields
  178. Biology/Biological Sciences
  179. Biomedical Sciences26 260202 Biochemistry
  180. Biophysics
  181. Molecular Biology
  182. Molecular Biochemistry
  183. Molecular Biophysics
  184. Structural Biology
  185. Photobiology
  186. Radiation Biology/Radiobiology
  187. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
  188. Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology
  189. Botany/Plant Biology
  190. Plant Pathology/Phytopathology
  191. Plant Physiology
  192. Plant Molecular Biology
  193. Botany/Plant Biology
  194. Cell/Cellular Biology and Histology
  195. Anatomy
  196. Developmental Biology and Embryology
  197. Cell/Cellular and Molecular Biology
  198. Cell Biology and Anatomy
  199. Cell/Cellular Biology and Anatomical Sciences
  200. Microbiology
  201. Medical Microbiology and Bacteriology
  202. Virology
  203. Parasitology
  204. Mycology
  205. Immunology
  206. Microbiology and Immunology
  207. Microbiological Sciences and Immunology
  208. Zoology/Animal Biology
  209. Entomology
  210. Animal Physiology
  211. Animal Behavior and Ethology
  212. Wildlife Biology
  213. Zoology/Animal Biology
  214. Genetics
  215. Molecular Genetics
  216. Microbial and Eukaryotic Genetics
  217. Animal Genetics
  218. Plant Genetics
  219. Human/Medical Genetics
  220. Genome Sciences/Genomics
  221. Genetics
  222. Physiology
  223. Molecular Physiology
  224. Cell Physiology
  225. Endocrinology
  226. Reproductive Biology
  227. Cardiovascular Science
  228. Exercise Physiology
  229. Vision Science/Physiological Optics
  230. Pathology/Experimental Pathology
  231. Oncology and Cancer Biology
  232. Aerospace Physiology and Medicine
  233. Physiology, Pathology, and Related Sciences
  234. Pharmacology
  235. Molecular Pharmacology
  236. Neuropharmacology
  237. Toxicology
  238. Molecular Toxicology
  239. Environmental Toxicology
  240. Pharmacology and Toxicology
  241. Pharmacology and Toxicology
  242. Biometry/Biometrics26 261102 Biostatistics
  243. Bioinformatics
  244. Computational Biology
  245. Biomathematics, Bioinformatics, and Computational Biology
  246. Biotechnology
  247. Ecology
  248. Marine Biology and Biological Oceanography
  249. Evolutionary Biology
  250. Aquatic Biology/Limnology
  251. Environmental Biology
  252. Population Biology
  253. Conservation Biology
  254. Systematic Biology/Biological Systematics
  255. Epidemiology
  256. Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
  257. Ecology, Evolution, Systematics and Population Biology
  258. Molecular Medicine
  259. Neuroscience
  260. Neuroanatomy
  261. Neurobiology and Anatomy
  262. Neurobiology and Behavior
  263. Neurobiology and Neurosciences
  264. Biological and Biomedical Sciences
  265. Mathematics
  266. Algebra and Number Theory
  267. Analysis and Functional Analysis
  268. Geometry/Geometric Analysis
  269. Topology and Foundations
  270. Mathematics
  271. Applied Mathematics
  272. Computational Mathematics
  273. Computational and Applied Mathematics27 270305 Financial Mathematics
  274. Mathematical Biology
  275. Applied Mathematics
  276. Statistics
  277. Mathematical Statistics and Probability
  278. Mathematics and Statistics
  279. Statistics
  280. Mathematics and Statistics
  281. Air Science/Airpower Studies
  282. Air and Space Operational Art and Science
  283. Naval Science and Operational Studies
  284. Intelligence
  285. Strategic Intelligence
  286. Signal/Geospatial Intelligence
  287. Command & Control (C3, C4I) Systems and Operations
  288. Information Operations/Joint Information Operations
  289. Information/Psychological Warfare and Military Media Relations
  290. Cyber/Electronic Operations and Warfare
  291. ntelligence, Command Control and Information Operations
  292. Combat Systems Engineering
  293. Directed Energy Systems
  294. Engineering Acoustics
  295. Low-Observables and Stealth Technology
  296. Space Systems Operations
  297. Operational Oceanography
  298. Undersea Warfare
  299. Military Applied Sciences
  300. Aerospace Ground Equipment Technology
  301. Air and Space Operations Technology
  302. Aircraft Armament Systems Technology
  303. Explosive Ordinance/Bomb Disposal
  304. Joint Command/Task Force (C3, C4I) Systems
  305. Military Information Systems Technology
  306. Missile and Space Systems Technology
  307. Munitions Systems/Ordinance Technology
  308. Radar Communications and Systems Technology
  309. Military Systems and Maintenance Technology
  310. Military Technologies and Applied Sciences
  311. Biological and Physical Sciences
  312. Systems Science and Theory
  313. Mathematics and Computer Science
  314. Biopsychology
  315. Behavioral Sciences
  316. Natural Sciences
  317. Nutrition Sciences
  318. Cognitive Science
  319. Human Biology
  320. Computational Science
  321. Human Computer Interaction
  322. Marine Sciences
  323. Sustainability Studies
  324. Physical Sciences
  325. Astronomy
  326. Astrophysics
  327. Planetary Astronomy and Science
  328. Astronomy and Astrophysics
  329. Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology
  330. Atmospheric Chemistry and Climatology
  331. Atmospheric Physics and Dynamics
  332. Meteorology
  333. Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology
  334. Chemistry
  335. Analytical Chemistry
  336. Inorganic Chemistry
  337. Organic Chemistry
  338. Physical Chemistry
  339. Polymer Chemistry
  340. Chemical Physics
  341. Environmental Chemistry
  342. Forensic Chemistry
  343. Theoretical Chemistry
  344. Chemistry
  345. Geology/Earth Science
  346. Geochemistry
  347. Geophysics and Seismology
  348. Paleontology
  349. Hydrology and Water Resources Science
  350. Geochemistry and Petrology
  351. Oceanography, Chemical and Physical
  352. Geological and Earth Sciences/Geosciences
  353. Physics
  354. Atomic/Molecular Physics
  355. Elementary Particle Physics
  356. Plasma and High-Temperature Physics
  357. Nuclear Physics
  358. Optics/Optical Sciences
  359. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
  360. Acoustics
  361. Theoretical and Mathematical Physics
  362. Physics
  363. Materials Science
  364. Materials Chemistry
  365. Materials Sciences
  366. Physical Sciences
  367. Science Technologies/Technicians
  368. Biology Technician/Biotechnology Laboratory Technician
  369. Industrial Radiologic Technology/Technician
  370. Nuclear/Nuclear Power Technology/Technician
  371. Nuclear and Industrial Radiologic Technologies/Technicians
  372. Chemical Technology/Technician
  373. Chemical Process Technology
  374. Physical Science Technologies/Technicians
  375. Science Technologies/Technicians
  376. Cognitive Psychology and Psycholinguistics
  377. Comparative Psychology
  378. Developmental and Child Psychology
  379. Experimental Psychology
  380. Personality Psychology
  381. Physiological Psychology/Psychobiology
  382. Social Psychology
  383. Psychometrics and Quantitative Psychology
  384. Psychopharmacology
  385. Research and Experimental Psychology
  386. Forensic Science and Technology
  387. Cyber/Computer Forensics and Counterterrorism
  388. Archeology
  389. Econometrics and Quantitative Economics
  390. Geographic Information Science and Cartography
  391. Aeronautics/Aviation/Aerospace Science and Technology
  392. Cytotechnology/Cytotechnologist
  393. Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist
  394. Medical Scientist
  395. Pharmaceutics and Drug Design
  396. Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry
  397. Natural Products Chemistry and Pharmacognosy
  398. Clinical and Industrial Drug Development
  399. Pharmacoeconomics/Pharmaceutical Economics
  400. Industrial and Physical Pharmacy and Cosmetic Sciences51
  401. Pharmaceutical Sciences
  402. Environmental Health
  403. Health/Medical Physics
  404. Veterinary Anatomy
  405. Veterinary Physiology
  406. Veterinary Microbiology and Immunobiology
  407. Veterinary Pathology and Pathobiology
  408. Veterinary Toxicology and Pharmacology
  409. Veterinary Preventive Medicine Epidemiology and Public Health
  410. Veterinary Infectious Diseases
  411. Medical Informatics
  412. Management Science
  413. Business Statistics
  414. Actuarial Science
  415. Management Science and Quantitative Methods

Source: ICE.gov

Choosing a major in the STEM field can be a incredibly complex and difficult decision. Narrowing down your choices to an engineering degree is tough enough; from there, the types of engineering degrees are so varied and specified that you really have to have an exact idea of your desired career path.

Let’s take a look at a few types of engineering degrees, and the jobs that they can lead to in the field.

Architectural Engineering

Compared to other degrees on the list, architectural engineering is a relative newcomer to the STEM field. It burst onto the scene on the tails of the Industrial Revolution, and it is thanks to architectural engineers that we have beautiful city skylines and engineering miracles such as the BurjKhalifa in Dubai.

While an architect is the artist behind a skyscraper or building, an architectural engineer is the person who makes the dream a reality. Everything from ensuring the safety of the structure to keeping clean air flowing inside the building is dependent on the architectural engineer.

Architectural engineering is considered a branch of the field of civil engineering. To apply for an architectural engineering degree, a bachelor’s degree is required. Often aspiring students will need to have passed the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam and the Principles & Practice-of-Engineering (PE) exam.

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering

Any electronic device or communications device needs this type of engineer. Telephones, transmitters, satellites, televisions, and microwaves are only a few of the many devices handled by electrical, electronic and communications engineers. With this degree an engineer can get a job in the filed of designing, developing, and creating electronic devices.

Automation Engineer

With an automation engineering degree, you can get a job involving the supervision and streamlining of manufacturing and automation. A bachelor’s degree is necessary to apply for this degree. As an automation engineer you will oversee factory production, design and regulate automated devices, and much more.

Any factory where robots and machines are used in production has the work of an automation engineer behind it. Without automation engineering, the Industrial Revolution would definitely not have been even a remote possibility. The material world we live in was brought into being thanks to the skills of countless automation engineers.

Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning & Refrigeration Engineering

With this type of engineering degree, you will be prepared for any job in the heating, ventilation, air conditioning and refrigeration (HVAC) field.

To get a job overseeing as well as controlling, or designing technology for indoor environments—such as heating, cooling, or ensuring general air quality— you will need this degree.

Environmental Engineering

This type of engineering focuses on the environment of the planet. It deals with air pollution, ocean pollution, and other effects on the environment. Any job involving clean energy solutions, recycling, or waste control will require this degree.

If you are interested in the effects mankind has had on the world’s environment and wish to ensure the safety of the planet, this degree can help you get a job where you can make a real difference. All other engineering degrees on this list would be useless without a world to live in, and protecting the environment is a key part in keeping the human race going.

Welding Engineering

All aspects of welding technology are covered with this degree. You will learn the science behind welding, and how to apply the necessary mathematics.

This degree will let you find a job dealing with manufactured products that require welding, as well as equip you with the knowledge necessary for material selection, manufacturing methods, operation of welding tools, and much more.

Chemical Engineering

An engineer with this specific degree will apply knowledge and basic principles of chemistry, physics, biology, and often mathematics to the production or use of chemicals.

This is an expansive degree that numerous jobs in the STEM field require—in fact, to get any job involving the use of dangerous chemicals, you will need this degree. A chemical engineer may work in chemical laboratories, manufacture plastics and resins, work with nanomaterials or biological chemistry, and much more.

Aeronautical/Aerospace Engineering

This type of engineer is concerned with the development of aircraft and spacecraft. With this degree, you will be what is colloquially known as a “rocket scientist”.

Airplanes, space stations, rockets, and other flying craft are designed, controlled, and fixed by aeronautical and aerospace engineers. If your dream has been to work at NASA, or design jet planes, or work with flight technology, this is the degree for you. An extensive knowledge of physics and math is required to apply for this degree.

Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical engineering applies math, physics, and engineering principles to the general production of objects that move. That’s right, this is one of the broadest engineering degrees available, as mechanical engineers can be found in pretty much every branch of the STEM field.

The American-Society of Mechanical-Engineers (ASME) lists a staggering 36 different divisions solely in the field of mechanical engineering. This degree can get you a job designing and manufacturing everything from tiny parts to huge, complex machines. As the world is run on machines, this degree will give you endless options for a satisfying and interesting career.

Computer Engineering

The world would be a very different place without the complex work of computer engineers. Think of where we’d be without the Internet. Hard to imagine, isn’t it?

The astonishing leaps of technology made in this field have laid the foundation for the digital revolution of the 20th century, and there’s plenty more to come as new generations of computer engineers spread out into the working world.

A degree in computer engineering will give you job options in developing both computer hardware and software, fixing computers, designing the next MacBook, and more. Any job in digital technology requires skilled computer engineers. In studying for a computer engineering degree you will learn how to develop and establish networking systems, about the production of computer hardware and microchip technology, the design of smartphones and laptops, and much, much more. The opportunities available with this degree are endless.

This is only a small peek into the wonderfully complex world of engineering and its specified fields of study. Without engineers, we wouldn’t have the comforts of modern living that exist today. What type of engineering degree is best for you? No matter which you choose, you will be making the world a better place.

STEM covers degrees in science, technology, engineering, and math. Below you will find some of the types of science degrees you can expect to find on the STEM Degree List.

Nutrition Science

Nutritional Science is a continuously evolving field. It focuses mainly on dietary concerns and the health issues that surround food, diet, and medicine. Nutrition science is a multi-faceted discipline that is rooted in biology, chemistry, and social sciences, with many specialization areas.

The specialization areas include food and wellness, exercise science, nutrition education, and community nutrition. A nutrition science degree enables you to conduct nutrition-related research studies, develop public and community health programs and work in the medical or food industries.

There are several subfields related to nutrition that provide unique research and career opportunities. They include nutrition research, sociological research, community, and public health, animal nutrition as well as medicine and healthcare.

Pharmaceutical Science

Pharmaceutical science degree programs typically cover chemistry, anatomy, the history of medicine, pathology, physiology, and related subjects. A degree in pharmaceutical sciences offers an ideal background if you are interested in working as a pharmacist or in pharmaceutical sales.

Individuals who earn a Ph.D. in this discipline may become pharmaceutical researchers. Degree programs graduates are qualified to work as a pharmacist, pharmaceutical sales representatives or pharmacological researchers.

Pharmacists are tasked with filing prescriptions, monitoring drug interactions and allergies and ensuring correct patient medication dosage. Pharmaceutical researchers work for medicine and drug manufacturers, researcher institutions or universities. They are responsible for developing and testing new drugs before submitting them for approval.


Biochemists perform work encompassing the chemical composition of living organisms. You can study biochemistry through bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral degree programs. Biochemistry Bachelor degree programs offer a foundation in biology, chemistry, physics, and math.

This qualifies graduates for entry-level work with DNA, genes, amino acids, proteins utilizing technologies including nuclear magnetic resonance and molecular spectroscopy. You may pursue a Master of Science or Master of Arts degree in biochemistry.

Master of Science programs have a heavier emphasis on research experience than the Master of Arts programs. The topics covered in Master’s degrees may include molecular genetics, protein engineering, advanced biochemistry, molecular cell biology, metabolic engineering, and biological photochemistry.

Earth Sciences (Geology)

Earth Sciences have changed in scope and nature over the past few decades. A Geology degree provides students with the skills required to interpret rock materials and geological phenomena as well as applying techniques and theories from physics, materials science, chemistry, and biology. These skills are essential to the study of the Earth and the environment.

Some of the topics covered include seismic wave mapping, Earth crust evolution, ocean and atmospheric circulation and evolution of life on Earth. The career opportunities for Earth Science graduates include the environmental sector, energy industry, technical/engineering consultancies, mining industry as well as research.

Social Psychology

Psychology is an expansive scientific field that focuses on studying human behavior. Social psychology deals with how human beings view and treat each other and the motivation factors in interpersonal relationships. There are a number of paths to a career in social psychology.

At the bachelor’s level, a student may earn a social psychology degree or a general psychology degree with social psychology concentration. Social psychologists work in a number of specialty areas including general psychology, counseling, industrial psychology, social work, child psychology, forensic psychology, clinical psychology, health psychology, school psychology, and neuropsychology.

Food Science

Food science is the discipline whereby the biological, physical and engineering sciences are utilized to study the nature of foods as well as their improvements for the consuming public. A degree in Food Science entails studying the chemical natures and physicality of food and the principles behind the production of the foods that we consume today.

The career options and employment opportunities for Food Science graduates include animal nutrition, food technologist, quality control, production management, nutritional therapist, research scientists, regulatory affairs officer, toxicology, brewing, horticulturist, and marketing associate professional.

Environmental Science

Environmental science is an interdisciplinary subject. An environmental science degree requires a student to combine knowledge and skills from different fields. This could mean exploring aspects of geography, biology, earth, and marine sciences, physics, chemistry, and social sciences.

This degree program combines multiple data sources and perspectives to help the student build a full understanding of natural and human environments. One of the most important aspects of environmental science degrees is fieldwork.

A fair amount of lab time is expected, where students learn how to perform different tests and analysis. This degree typically lasts for 3 or 4 years at Bachelor’s level and 1 or 2 years for Master’s qualification.


Microbiology is the study of living organisms that can only be seen using a microscope (microorganisms or microbes). Microbiology degree programs entail studying these microorganisms, the diseases they cause and the benefits they may offer.

The topics covered may include global health issues, criminal investigations forensics, genetic manipulation, metabolism, and molecular biology, advanced microbial function, bacterial genetics, virology, molecular ecology and evolution, and animal biodiversity. Microbiology graduates can work in hospitals, universities, pharmaceutical industries, forensic science labs, biotechnology companies, and environmental organizations.


Genetics encompasses the study of the gene structure and function and the applications of this knowledge. A Genetics degree program typically requires proficiency in subjects including biology, chemistry, mathematics, and physics. A student studies biochemistry, biomedical science and molecular biology with a heavy focus on lab work where they learn how to collect and analyze data.

Some of the topics covered may include research techniques, genetic manipulation, genes and development, genetic toxicology, cell, and molecular biosciences, the genome and microbial diversity. Geneticists work in groundbreaking areas including anti-biotic design, cancer research, genetic engineering, and medical or technical lab research.

Nuclear Physics

Physicists study the influence of naturally occurring phenomena such as energy, gravity, and movement on the matter. Nuclear physicists focus on utilizing the energy with the nucleus of an atom. A doctorate is often required to pursue a career in nuclear physics.

Almost all doctorate degree programs require a bachelor’s degree in physics or a related field. Applicants also require laboratory experience. The majority of physics doctoral programs offer students concentration options in several specialty fields, including nuclear physics.

Possible courses may include physics mechanics, atomic physics, particle physics, quantum theory, statistical physics, electricity, and magnetism. Individuals with a nuclear physics background can consider careers in radioactive medicine, alternative energy research, military defense research, astronomy, and post-secondary education.

S.T.E.M. stands for Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics.